The state capital of Connecticut is Hartford. Dutch colonists established a small, short-lived settlement near present-day Hartford, but soon lost control to English Puritans led by Thomas Hooker of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Its first constitution was the Fundamental Orders, which is perhaps the first written constitution. The Fundamental Orders earned Connecticut the nickname, "The Constitution State. " Connecticut is generally known for its wealth. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the state had access to bountiful raw materials which helped to develop a strong manufacturing industry and financial organizations flourished.
Area: 52,419 sq mi (ranks 30th)
Governor: Dan Malloy
Largest cities: Bridgeport