The capital of Massachusetts is Boston. Massachusetts was the site of the second permanent English settlement, Plymouth. It was also significant to the American Revolution, as the Boston Tea Party took place in Boston Harbor. It was a center of the temperance movement and abolitionist activity during the nineteenth century around the time of the Civil War. And in 2004, Massachusetts became the first state to legally recognize same-sex marriages. The state was predominately dependent on fishing, agricultural and foreign trade until the Industrial Revolution, when it evolved into a manufacturing center.
Area: 52,419 sq mi (ranks 30th)
Governor: Deval Patrick
Largest cities: Boston